Faded hand-painted signs bring back memories of this old deli in Perth’s south-east. (Supplied: Eamon Donnelly)
The neighbourhood corner store was once a colourful and vibrant hallmark of typical suburban life.
- Corner stores are known as milk bars or delis in different parts of Australia
- They were the neighbourhood focus of retail for all manner of small purchases
- But the rise of multinational chains and on-demand home deliveries is killing them off
For decades, families would flock to the closest milk bar or deli, depending on where you are in Australia, to buy mixed bags of lollies, ice creams, fresh milk and bread, or to pick up a copy of the daily newspaper.
But those days are all but over — supermarkets, petrol stations and on-demand smartphone apps have well and truly turfed out the local convenience store.
“The milk bar really hasn’t just shut up shop overnight, its been happening for at least 40 years, but now it’s pretty rapid,” said Eamon Donnelly, the author of a coffee table book documenting Australian milk bars.
“I’ll see real estate listings for old milk bars on a weekly basis now.
“They just can’t sustain the business — the rents are huge and if you don’t have that traffic and customer base then it’s really difficult to see it surviving.”
Old delis sit empty in otherwise vibrant neighbourhoods across Australia. (ABC News: Gian De Poloni)
Lollies, ice-creams and colour
Take a walk in any well-established neighbourhood and you’re bound to find a building that was once a milk bar.
Many of those shops have been converted to homes or cafes, but a great deal of them sit empty, rusting away in the same communities they once proudly served.
Some delis have managed to buck the trend and remain open without stretching too far from their roots. (ABC News: Gian De Poloni)
Mr Donnelly said for himself and millions of others, a trip to the corner store was a part of growing up in Australia.
“Milk bars were a treasure trove or an Aladdin’s cave of lollies, sweets and ice creams and colour — that’s the thing everyone remembers,” he recalled.
“It was that first taste of independence, it was the first place many people bought something of their own.
“It’s such a vivid Australian memory, going up to the milk bar on a Saturday with your friends and getting a couple of ice creams and just hanging out for hours and hours, before social media and before phones.”
Many milk bars occupy space on prime real-estate and will be converted into cafes or homes. (Supplied: Eamon Donnelly)
A uniquely Australian experience
Greek entrepreneur Mick Adams is credited with bringing the first incarnation of the milk bar to Australia.
In the 1930’s, Mr Adams opened a shop in Martin Place in Sydney based on the American diner concept.
“Instead of selling sodas he’d sell milkshakes and hence why he called the business a milk bar — they’d sell milkshakes and you’re served on a bar,” Mr Donnelly said.
“It was very Hollywood style, it was really glamorous.
Mick Adams (third from left) is credited with setting up Australia’s first milk bar in Martin Place, Sydney in 1932. (Supplied: State Library of NSW)
“Then all of these little corner stores in the suburbs thought, ‘we’ll sell milkshakes as well and we’ll put “milk bar” on the business’.
“Seventy years later, milk bar is just part of the vernacular now — we still call that little shop a milk bar even though you can’t get a milkshake anywhere.
“A lot of people think that the milk bar was named after the place where you just go and get your milk.”
Eamon Donnelly is the author of a coffee table book exploring the history of Australia’s milk bars. (Supplied: Eamon Donnelly)
Mr Donnelly said the milk bar was something uniquely Australian.
“Every country has their own version — New Zealand has their dairies, the USA has their Mom & Pop stores, in New York they have bodegas.
“But in terms of milk bars, it’s something that is really just 100 per cent we can call our own.”
Mr Donnelly said milk bars have always had strong ties to immigrant communities.
“It was real way to get that migrant food culture into Australia,” he said.
“Before milk bars, the Greeks used to buy olive oil from the chemist — it was medicinal.
“They offer money transfers now, dry cleaning — a lot of the signage is being updated to other languages.”
The rusty exterior of an old corner store sits in a leafy neighbourhood in Perth’s inner suburbs. (ABC News: Gian De Poloni)
Oil and gas giants turf out the little guy
Despite the downward trend, the convenience industry is still a massive money maker in Australia, raking in $8.6 billion last year.
But most of that income was raised by convenience stores attached to petrol stations owned by multinational oil and gas companies.
“We’ve seen the large oil companies take the lead in terms of reinventing convenience,” said Jeff Rogut, CEO of the Australasian Association of Convenience Stores.
“They’ve continued to reinvent the model, continued to upgrade stores and importantly upgrade facilities and the products offered inside stores.”
Many of the nation’s milk bars were attached to homes in which the owner and their family would live. (ABC News: Gian De Poloni)
Mr Rogut said independent convenience store owners had to continually adapt to fast-changing consumer habits, as well as fend of competition from big business.
“We’ve seen a demise nationally of the true community corner store,” he said.
“Many kept doing all the things they’ve been doing all the years, with stores that had not been upgraded, front windows plastered with phone card posters, dusty-styled dingy-type outlets, not opening extended hours.
“They really had to become smarter, they had to become more professional retailers — they couldn’t really rely on the old [method of] standing behind the counter and hoping people would cross their doorstop.
“It’s about continually innovating and changing the business — should I be selling coffee, offering fresh pastries, freshly baked bread, things like that, that will actually get people to the store.”
Mr Rogut said a recent challenge had come from the rocketing popularity of online on-demand services such as Uber Eats.
He said petrol stations now had a presence on those services, allowing people to order milk, bread and snacks direct to their door at any time they liked.
“We have anecdotes of people who at 10 or 11 o’clock at night will be ordering through Uber Eats a packet or two of Tim Tam biscuits,” he said.
“They’d pay for that plus they’d pay a delivery fee, but for some reason they’ve got to have the Tim Tams now so they’re happy to pay the charge.
“It is certainly about convenience and on-demand with the mentality of, ‘when I want it, I expect to be able to get it’.”
On-demand smartphone apps allow people to order groceries from their homes at any time. (ABC News: James Carmody)
Trading the desk for the deli
In 2016, Lisa Clarke quit her exhausting corporate job to fulfil a dream of owning her own small business.
She decided to take on a struggling general store in the small rural community of Little River, halfway between Melbourne and Geelong.
Ms Clarke said she wanted to replicate a traditional milk bar experience with a huge lolly counter at the centrepiece of the shop.
Lisa Clarke owns a milk bar in the small town of Little River, between Melbourne and Geelong. (Supplied: Eamon Donnelly)
“When people walk in my shop they say they feel like they’re stepping back in time,’ she said.
“A lot of people come in after fuelling up and see [the lolly counter] and say, ‘thank God, my kids are in the car’.
“But then they’ll say, ‘no, I can’t let them miss out on this, I need to show them how we got lollies when we were children’.
“Just to see the children’s reactions when they come in, it’s priceless.”
Lisa Clarke regards her lolly counter as her main point of difference as a convenience store. (Supplied: Eamon Donnelly)
Her business is sandwiched between three major petrol stations and she admitted the competition was tough.
“You’ve got wages and superannuation and that kills everything,” she said.
“On top of that you’re trying to make a profit to earn a living and it’s just so hard.
“I’ve always got to be cheaper than the big boys on the freeway.
“It is a big gig to try and make money. But I’m not here to make a fortune, I’m just here to put smiles on dials.”
The facade of this old corner store in Bassendean has been turned into a community art mural. (ABC News: Gian De Poloni)
End of an era
Mr Rogut said he expected many more corner stores to fold as petrol stations continued to expand their services and major supermarkets continued setting up shop in high streets.
“We’ve moved beyond just selling milk and bread, people do have other choices and they can buy them cheaper,” he said.
“The milk bars may support a community and they’ll support potentially a family running the business, but they’re not going to be a major chain and it’s not something that you’re going to make a million dollars out of.
“But there’s no taking away from getting a good deli or a good true grocer, the whole experience is what it’s about.”
Mr Donnelly said great customer service could be the key to survival for the shrinking number of corner stores that have managed to hang on.
“If you know you’re going to get treated really great and you’re going to get that friendly service, then you’re going to keep going back to a business,” he said.
“Otherwise, you’ll just go to any old supermarket.”
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