Many take it for granted that the Earth cannot surprise them.  They suppose they know everything about it… That is why, they tend to focus on space exploration and discoveries made on other planets, stars, or stars in a broad sense.

However, that statement is not conclusive. Our blue planet has many
“hidden secrets” that are capable, even, of demolishing fixed ideas
that we had as absolute truths about it.

As we are checking over the years, our planet is a place that never
ceases to amaze us. We live in such a complex environment that it is impossible
to know what happens in each of its corners.

We constantly witness phenomena and miracles that sustain life on our
planet. We must become aware of the greatness of our habitat and remember that
we do not have a second Earth to turn to if we destroy what we have.

We show you some curiosities of our beloved ‘blue planet’ that you may
not know and that will undoubtedly surprise you.

Icy places

We talk about very, very cold places. Only a few hundred kilometers from the Arctic Circle is the city of Oymyakon, Russia, one of the coldest places on Earth. On January 26th, 1926, a temperature of -71.2 °C was recorded.

It is the lowest temperature ever recorded in an inhabited area, as well as the lowest in the Northern Hemisphere. Only lower temperatures have been recorded in Antarctica, (officially the lowest is -91 °C, near the Antarctic mountain massif).

In that city it is so cold here that its inhabitants do not turn off
their cars and must heat the earth with a bonfire for days before they can bury
their dead.

97% of the Earth’s water
is salty

Water is a dominant element on Earth and also a vital resource for the
support of life, but the percentage of salt water and fresh water is very
different, so much so that the second is undoubtedly a minority.

With this data we made clear that by nature only 3% of the Earth’s water
is sweet, and that is precisely what we consume most living beings, including
humans, so it is not strange that we have had to resort to artificial means to
conserve and increase the availability of said resource.

In this sense, desalination plants have undoubtedly played a very
important role, as have purifying plants.

The highest mountains are
really large

The summit of Everest is still the highest point in the world compared to sea level, but it is not the furthest from the center of the Earth, a record held by the summit of the Chimborazo volcano. How is this possible? The answer is in the form of the Earth.

Because the Earth is not totally round, the radius of the equator is
larger than that of the poles. In other words, when you are at sea level at the
equator, you are 21 kilometers farther from the center of the Earth than when
you are at sea level at the poles.

This is why Everest, in Nepal, is 6,382.6 kilometers from the center of
the Earth, about 2 kilometers farther than the Chimborazo.

The hole in the ozone
layer is shrinking

The regenerative capacity of our planet is impressive, because despite
all the “punishment” that we have been giving it has managed to
recover quite well in most cases, and the ozone layer is one of the best

We understand by hole in the ozone layer those areas where there is a
low concentration of ozone molecules. Initially it was detected that this
problem had a higher incidence in Antarctica, but little by little it has been

A vital element for us, since ozone slows down the entry into the Earth
of most of the ultraviolet radiation, absolutely harmful to life.

The larger seas are
really deep

The deepest point of the earth’s crust lies at the bottom of the western
Pacific, more specifically in the Mariana Trench. Its deepest point, known as
the Challenger abyss since it was visited in 1873 by the frigate of the British
Royal Navy Challenger, has 11,034 m depth and a pressure of 110,000 kPa (about
1,085 atmospheres). The pit extends for more than 2,550 km in length and an average
width of 70 kilometers.

In it, there ha multitude of unknown species. Discovery Channel issued a program in 2009 that suggested that the pit is a large subduction zone of the Earth’s crust that submerges under the tectonic mantle, where the Pacific plate subducts under the small plate of the Marianas, thus explaining the existence of the archipelago nearby and its constant volcanic activity.

Scorching places

On the opposite side of the coin is the Valley of Death (United States),
a valley that has earned its name after becoming the place with the highest
temperatures recorded in history, nothing more and nothing less than 56.7
degrees centigrade, back in the year 1913.

In the scorching Californian valley there was no shelter, no water, no
fans to protect the population. That year, the deaths were counted by dozens,
and according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), that was the
moment in history where most heat was concentrated in a single day.

More than 8 million
lightning bolts per day

Are you afraid of lightning? Well, they are very common on Earth, so
that according to official sources a day there are about 8.6 million lightning
flashes, an impressive figure that allows us to see how “alive” our
atmosphere is.

We say this because they occur in the clouds, from where they descend
showing that very impressive branched shape.

Rocks that move

In a remote stretch of the Valley of Death, a lake known as ‘Racetrack
Playa’, is witness to some of the most attractive mysteries of the natural
world. In it you can see rocks moving slowly without any intervention of humans
or animals.

Although the winds are very strong in the area, it does not seem to be
responsible, as some rocks exceed 300 kg and would require winds of almost 300
km/h to move. Rocks that have irregular surfaces leave grooved grooves while
those that show smooth surfaces simply slide.

Tokyo is the most populated city in the world (more than 37.2 million
inhabitants) and has more inhabitants than all of Australia. In the 2nd place
is Delhi in India with 22.7 million, and in the 3rd place Mexico City and New
York with 20.4 million, each.

Star dust

Each year, 40,000 tons of cosmic dust fall on our planet. It is not
something that we can observe with the naked eye, but over time, all that dust
formed by oxygen, carbon, iron, nickel and other elements find a way to get
into our bodies. It is romantic to think that we are actually stardust.

Not all countries have 4 stations

There are regions that only have 2 stations: one dry, where it does not rain, and another rainy, where it rains constantly

The center of the Earth is located 6,000 kilometers below the surface

Once scientists tried to dig as far as possible, and they only reached depth of 12 kilometers.

Boiling rivers

In the depths of the Peruvian Amazon rainforest, in Mayantuyacu, a river
flows so hot that the water even boils. According to the legend, due to the
heat released by the Great Yacumama Serpent, “the Mother of the

The hottest stretch of the river stretches more than 6 kilometers.
There, the temperature of the water oscillates between 50ºC and 90ºC, although
in some points it can even exceed 100ºC, enough temperature to cause third
degree burns in a matter of seconds and even death.

Lakes that explode

No, it is not a science fiction story, the earth also hosts inhospitable
places that could end our lives at any time.

Hidden in Cameroon, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
there are a series of lakes originating from volcanic craters known as the
lakes Nyos, Monoun and Kiyu respectively.

The magma that is under the water of these craters releases carbon
dioxide in a continuous way, until the accumulated gas escapes suddenly
producing the asphyxia of the fauna and the human beings that are nearby. Such
an eruption can even cause tsunamis.

The power of these explosions is so great that some geologists have
found near Kivu Lake evidence that shows massive biological extinctions.

We do not know our own world!

It is overwhelming to think that the oceans cover around 70% of the planet and that, currently, we have only explored 5% of its extension. Scientists estimate that there are between 5 million and 100 million species on Earth, but so far we have only identified 2 million of them. We think we know everything, but much remains to be discovered. What a wonderful World!

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